welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is tom donkin. our top stories: protests in the middle east as president trump formally recognises jerusalem as the capital of israel. ijudged this course of action to be in the best interests of the united states of america, and the pursuit of peace between israel, and the palestinians. saudi arabia condemns the decision — calling it unjustified and irresponsible. in california, more than a thousand firefighters, battle huge wildfires threatening to destroy some of the richest homes in the country. and governments call for an end to dumping plastic in the oceans — but can't agree how to do it. one of the closest allies of the us in the middle east,
saudi arabia, has condemned president trump's decision to recognise jerusalem as the capital of israel. a statement from the saudi royal court described the move as unjustified and irresponsible, and urged the us administration to reverse the decision. the palestinian president mahmoud abbas warned of dangerous consequences for the entire region. an emergency meeting of the un security council is expected to take place on friday to discuss president trump's announcement. our north america editor jon sopel reports. camera shutters click thank you. the president signing this or that proclamation has become a commonplace, but nothing he's put his name to is as consequential or historic as this, a decision that upends us policy
to the middle east, the most troubled region in the world. past decisions had failed. it was time for a new approach. today, we finally acknowledge the obvious, thatjerusalem is israel's capital. this is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality. it is also the right thing to do. it's something that has to be done. it's a decision that the arab world and close allies cautioned against, but the president has gone ahead, and so he stressed his commitment to peace, whether via a two state solution or any other solution. we want an agreement that is a great dealfor the israelis, and a great deal for the palestinians. we are not taking a position of any final status issues, including the specific boundaries of the israeli sovereignty in jerusalem, or the resolution of contested borders. demonstrations so far have
been relatively low—key, but us citizens have been warned not to go to the west bank or the old city injerusalem, the president well aware of the reaction this speech might provoke. so, today, we call for calm, for moderation, and for the voices of tolerance to prevail over the purveyors of hate. our children should inherit our love, not our conflicts. there has been a fierce international backlash to what the president is proposing, even though donald trump insists it's just accepting what is present—day reality. so far, the arab world, nato, the pope, the un, russia and turkey have spoken out against the move. the white house is on a charm offensive, but so far, the only country that has been charmed is israel. and onjerusalem's ancient walls, a very modern projection of
israeli sentiment tonight. this is a historic day. we are profoundly grateful for the president for his courageous and just decision to recognise jerusalem as the capital of israel, and to prepare for the opening of the us embassy here. this decision reflects the president's commitment to an ancient but enduring truth, to fulfilling his promises and to advancing peace. six months ago, the palestinian leader hosted donald trump on his middle east tour. that early optimism replaced by disappointment today. translation: jerusalem is a palestinian city — christian, muslim, jewish also — and it is the capital of the state of palestine for ever. jerusalem, a city 6000 miles and two continents away from the us, was the subject of an unusual campaign pledge
from donald trump to a very narrow constituency, to move the us embassy from tel aviv to jerusalem and recognise the ancient city as israel's capital, but in keeping that promise, he seems to have made his other goal of advancing middle east peace a whole lot more complicated. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. wednesday's decision is one of mr trump's most controversial to date, and overturns decades of us foreign policy. it has been met with unease across the world. a spokesman for the palestinian president mahmoud abbas warned it would have "dangerous consequences" for the region. the bbc‘s yolande knell reports from jerusalem. for many israelis, mr trump's formal recognition of israeli sovereignty overjerusalem corrects an historic injustice. this is a city with 3,000 years ofjewish history — their seat of government.
and there has long been frustration that the us, israel's closest ally, just has consulate offices here, not its embassy. now that is set to change and there are hopes that other countries will follow washington's lead. i expect the leaders of the free world to recognisejerusalem as the capital of israel. we recognise paris as the capital of france and berlin as the capital of germany. we expect our friends to recognise our own capital as what it is. about a third ofjerusalemites are palestinians. the old city here has some of the holiest sites for muslims and christians as well as jews. and palestinians want occupied eastjerusalem as the capital of their future state. they object to the us announcement. translation: as a palestinian, this is a mistake. jerusalem is the capital for the palestinian state. that is not negotiable. translation: there will be
troubles over this. it will not pass smoothly. there will be opposition and there will be chaos. jerusalem is probably the most sensitive issue in the israel/palestinian conflict. this ancient city has great religious and political significance and we have seen many times howjust small changes made here can quickly flare up into unrest. during the summer there was deadly violence when israel put in new security measures at al—aqsa mosque compound, after two israeli policemen were killed there. these were later removed to keep the status quo. now palestinian officials say mr trump is raising tensions again. this is a declaration of war on palestine and the palestinians and a manifestation of the lack of fairness in handling the palestine file. a total bias towards israel. tonight, there were large protests
in gaza, following the us president's speech. and there are calls for more in the coming days. and i'll be getting more reaction with a middle east expert on this in a few minutes. in california, more than a thousand firefighters are battling huge wildfires. hundreds of buildings have already been destroyed and thousands of homes are under threat. the worst of the fires have been in ventura county — about 80 kilometres north of los angeles. from there, the bbc‘s north america correspondent, james cook reports. no—one can escape from nature, not even in bel air, one of the wealthiest suburbs on earth. all day there's been a battle to save homes here and the owners have been rushing to grab what they can as they flee from their mansions. we built this house 13 years ago, never seen anything like it. do you think the firefighters are going to save it? they're my heroes.
i'm hoping. it's in gods and the firefighters' hands. and those heroes are being helped by much lighter winds for now. with the potential winds and the fires developing those embers can fly a distance away, spot firing canyons below us. and you're worried that might be what happens because the winds are forecast to get up? that's correct. the media mogul rupert murdoch's vineyard property is one of those which is smouldering, but helicopters have been making good use of the lull in the weather. how we lookin‘? good! these firefighters are now battling a blaze in one of the most exclusive neighbourhoods in los angeles. we're surrounded by expensive homes and this fire is likely to get worse this afternoon when the winds picked up. it was in the beach side city of ventura where the first wildfire exploded with terrifying speed. driven by ferocious desert winds whipping down the dusty canyons. last night it jumped the main coastal motorway, causing terror for drivers. this is literally, like, 15 feet away from us right now. this is the cross. that's the cross.
we need to get out as soon as possible, that fire is right there. only one thing could stop the blaze, the pacific ocean. this was how the fires looked from space, thick smoke streaming out to sea. it has barely rained here in la for six months and you can tell. many scientists say climate change is driving more frequent and more destructive wildfires. for california this is yet another grim wake—up call. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. a volkswagen executive who pleaded guilty in the us. for his role in the company's $30 billion emissions cheating scandal has been sentenced to 7 years in prison. oliver schmidt is the second of the company's former employees to be jailed, after millions of diesel vehicles were fitted with devices that allowed them to deceive customers and the rest of the industry into believing their cars were cleaner than they were. andrew plant reports. oliver schmidt, once one of volkswagon‘s top
american employees, now sentenced to seven years in prison. a car manufacturer in a competitive market, vw admitted fitting around 11 million diesel cars with what is called a defeat device. it meant the cars could sense when they were running in the uniformed conditions of a testin lab and automatically reduced their emissions. cheating a test the vehicles should never have passed. it meant that schmidt was able to certify that vw diesels complied with strict american standards and that meant boosting sales targeting environmentally conscious customers with supposedly cleaner cars. the scandal came to light in 2015. oliver schmidt is the second employee sent to prison. a veteran vw engineer was given a0 months in august. schmidt was arrested while on holiday in miami.
but five more of the company's employees are wanted in the us but remain in germany. in a scandal that has already cost volkswagon an estimated $30 billion. the company has since announced a big investment into electric vehicles and driverless cars, saying it plans to become a world leader in the field by 2015. andrew plant, bbc news. president putin says that he will allow russian athletes to compete at next year's winter olympics under a neutral flag, after the ioc banned russia over allegations of a state—sponsored doping programme. the international olympic committee accused russia of an "unprecedented systematic manipulation" of the anti—doping system. the us senator al franken has denied reports that he is about to resign amid sexual misconduct claims. he said he hasn't made a decision after some 30 democratic colleagues, including almost all of the democratic women in the chamber, have called on him to go. al franken, a former saturday night live comedian, has been accused of groping and sexually harassing seven women,
including a military veteran. time magazine has awarded its annual person of the year to the people around the world, who have broken their silence on sexual assault and harassment. calling them silence breakers, the magazine said their collective anger had spurred swift results. a new report says the democratic republic of congo is facing a worse displacement of people than syria, yemen and iraq due to the ongoing violence there. the internal displacement monitoring centre says 1.7 million people have so far fled their homes this year due to violence. the bbc‘s emmanuel igunza reports. intense fightin in drc has pushed families to this remote church. but their conditions are squalid,
with very little food, water, and exposed to the elements. four people have so far died since this group arrived here. recent days have seen an upsurge in fighting in the provinces where thousands are now displaced. translation: i spent three days in the forest before reaching the village. people had not yet fled from the village i reached. i do not know where my husband and children have gone. ten days later, i found three of my children. i'm still missing one of my children and my husband. across the affected areas, homes have been destroyed, farmlands laid bare, and a cholera outbreak has so far killed some 600 people. aid agencies describe this as the world's largest displacement emergency. we are looking there at a massive humanitarian situation, a level three emergency that was declared in 2017. over 900,000 people were displaced
in the drc in 2016 and in the first half of 2017, we were already looking at close to 1 million internal displacements. so we are monitoring the situation there very closely, but it's a country that is of huge concern to us. drc is facing a political crisis, caused by delays in holding presidential elections. last week, protests took place in various cities, calling for the stepping down of presidentjoseph kabila, who has been in power since 2001. opposition figures accuse the president of using violence to stay in power, and with no end in sight to the dispute, the country is staring into a bleak future. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: fa ncy a slice of world heritage? could pizza join the list of international cultural greatness? john lennon was shot at the entrance
to the dakota building, in the centre of new york. there's been a crowd here standing in more or less silent vigil. and the flowers have been piling up. the 14th ceasefire of this war ended at the walls of the old city of dubrovnik. this morning, witnesses said shells were landing every 20 seconds. people are celebrating the passing of a man they hold responsible for hundreds of deaths and oppression. elsewhere, people have been gathering to mourn his passing. imelda marcos, the widow of the former president of the philippines, has gone on trial in manila. she's facing seven charges of tax evasion, she pleaded not guilty. the prince and princess of wales are to separate, a statement from buckingham palace
said the decision had been reached amicably. this is bbc news. the latest headlines. president trump has recognised jerusalem as israel's capital, changing the official us position held for decades. there's been international criticism of the move and an emergency meeting of the un security council is expected to take place on friday to discuss the situation. and now we will go to washington to talk about this further. amir tibon is the washington correspondent for the israeli paper, haaretz and coauthor of a new biography on mahmoud abbas. he joins us via skype. if we look at what donald trump has done, he prides himself on being a great dealmaker. it seems to an observer this is not the greatest deal. he has given a massive
concession to israel. what does he get in return? we don't know yet. it isa get in return? we don't know yet. it is a major question. it will have a major effect on the peace process. one possibility is that in return for this great gesture he has given israel, he could have already pocketed some concession from benjamin netanyahu. in a few weeks we might look at this event and think it is really and by donald trump. —— brilliant. right now, iam not seeing any signs this is the case. perhaps we are looking at a totally different scenario in which he just totally different scenario in which hejust did this totally different scenario in which he just did this without asking anything in return from the israelis. that is not a helpful move towards peace between israel and palestinians. we know that israel desired this for some time. but in
the us, who was pushing for this what was the dry behind it? it was interesting to see mike pence behind the president. —— drive. interesting to see mike pence behind the president. -- drive. donald trump promised to do this. it received a lot of support from his evangelical base, christians and zionists, who wanted to see him move the embassy. it was a driving factor behind the decision, i think. this has caught israeli senior officials by surprise but i am sure benjamin netanyahu by surprise but i am sure benjamin neta nyahu was in by surprise but i am sure benjamin netanyahu was in the know. donald trump has been talking about it for months and has been pushed by the political base that supports him in the republican party. it is interesting to look at this. it could either be the start of his plan for the middle east or
potentially the end of the peace process. he has made such a big deal being such a big mediatorfor the region. you would have to assume he has a plan. i don't know if you have to assume that. it is true he presents himself as the greatest negotiator, dealmaker, the only person who could get this done, but again, we don't really know if he actually pocketed some kind of concession from the israeli side. he could have done this without asking for anything in return. it is a major question. if this is something the american side has done without asking israelis to give any concessions or show flexibility, then i am not sure what the next move in the peace plan is. how do you bring the palestinians back to the table? they say the 2—state solution is over and donald trump has let them down. what does he bring to the table to convince them to go back to the negotiations? another point... we would love to
hear it, but unfortunately, we are out of time. thank you forjoining us out of time. thank you forjoining us and giving us your point of view. thank you. could this be the end of pollution caused by plastic? that's the hope of more than 100 environment ministers from around the world who've been meeting in nairobi this week. they've issued a political declaration outlining the path to a "pollution—free planet," involving changes in how we produce and consume manufactured goods. our environment correspondent, roger harrabin, sent this report. a ticking time bomb, that's what environmentalists call the ocean, beset with pollution of all kinds, including the plastics that surround our lives. the un environment meeting is spelling it out in big letters, plastic pollution must end. the resolution lacks dates and timetables, but governments say it sends a message to the plastics industry. i think that business has a critical role to play,
businesses are the producers of plastics and they're the conveyors of plastics, such as in plastic bags, and those businesses that want to see change are very important partners here. and what about the businesses that don't want to see change, they have been resisting for decades? we need to put policies in place and measures in place that will make those businesses go out of business. environmental campaigners have been urging action against plastic waste for decades. for them, this meeting could be a watershed. so we are happy to see the governments coming together, agreeing on taking action on the microplastics. we would just like to see this become a more — take the urgency of the issue, and we would like to see more urgent, quicker action — put into action. the industry that makes the plastic that makes our lives convenient has fought restrictions for years, but now some members say they're ready to change. for some creatures, mankind has been far too slow to appreciate the magnitude of plastic pollution. and for some people, this un decision is too
little, too late. make no mistake, the un's decision to end the era of throwaway plastic starts a long, hard slog. it will need more summits, new laws, new incentives, new technologies, a change in people's attitudes to this. take the measures at the un's own headquarters here in nairobi. they have substituted plastic bottles for glass butwhat‘s the cap made out of? buy a takeaway coffee, what is the lid made out of? out of all the pollution problems mankind has caused itself, this is one of the most difficult. locals in the italian city of naples are waiting to find out if the traditional art—form of pizza making will be added to the un's world heritage list. an estimated two million people have joined an on line petition in support of the bid.
it's one of 3a traditions that have been put forward for consideration by a unesco committee. kathryn armstrong reports. it is a familiar sight to most of us, served up in restaurants and takeaway shops around the world. but in naples, considered the birthplace of the modern pizza, it is a social ritual that has been handed down through the generations. here, locals have been petitioning to have the local neapolitan pizza making process added to the united nations's global heritage list, adding that the spread of the food globally is threatening the tradition. pizza has become such a universal heritage all around the world, that many people do not even know it is italian. this recognition from unesco will be able to establish once and for all the truth, which is that pizza is a global food, but it was born here in naples and was born in this oven. this oven considered to be the place
where the first ever pizza was made. being added to this list would mean recognition for the years they have spent honing their skills. translation: going to school was not enough to know how to make pizza, you can learn enough to know how to handle the dough, but to learn enough, you need to work in a pizzeria. for now though, locals are keeping up their strength while they wait for the recognition of the tradition, celebrating an italian tradition that is close to their heart. deep—fried pizza. that should be recognised! don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter. i'm tom donkin at bbc. goodbye. hello.
the day ahead will bring some very windy weather and then we get plunged into the deep freeze. storm caroline, a deep area of low pressure is drifting to the north of the british isles. a band of rain sinking southwards and eastwards but look at all the white lines, the isobars on the chart, very, very windy, storm force winds are possible in northern areas and then we opened the floodgates to this very cold air plunging all the way in from the arctic. we're starting thursday on a fairly mild note, a wet note for some and a windy night for all of us. the mild weather will not last, though, because ours are bands of rain clearing south and east and we will all get into cold air, wintry showers in northern ireland and scotland but the real concern here is the strength of the wind. as you can see, we're expecting wind gusts in excess of 80mph across northern scotland particularly, and it could well be enough to cause some disruption, yes, but also some damage. so the met office has issued an amber be prepared warning for the strength of the wind, and even further south across central parts of scotland,
just fringing into northern ireland, there's a yellow warning in force, gusts of 70mph possible here. elsewhere it starts wet and windy across the south—eastern corner, that rain will take a while to clear away. then the skies will brighten and then we get into the wintry showers blown in on this strong north—westerly wind, could easily be blizzard conditions in the snow showers and those temperatures coming down as the afternoon goes on. now, into thursday night, these snow showers will drift further southwards and eastwards. we could see a covering of snow just about anywhere, but mostly in places exposed to this north—westerly wind. there could be some icy stretches around as well. so a very wintry look to the weather on friday. yes, some sunshine, still some snow showers, a bitterly cold north—westerly will wind, your thermometer will read 2—5 degrees but it will feel subzero for many. now, saturday looks like it will bring something a little bit quieter, the winds easing from the west. still very cold but not as many showers at this stage, 1—5, those are the maximum temperatures.
then as we head into the second half of the weekend, it's all eyes on this front of system hurtling in from the atlantic. yes, it's going to wring some rain but as it interacts with the cold air there's the potential for some significant snow. don't take these graphics too literally, there's a lot of uncertainty about the positioning of this, but some significant snow is possible on sunday. we will keep you posted. this is bbc news — the headlines: there have been protests around the middle east following president trump's formal recognition of the disputed city ofjerusalem as the capital of israel. the move overturns decades of american policy towards the region. the move has been welcomed by the israeli government as ‘historic‘. in california, more than a thousand firefighters are battling huge wildfires. hundreds of buildings have already
been destroyed and thousands of homes are under threat in ventura county, north of los angeles. the state governor has declared a state of emergency. no casualties have yet been recorded. more than 200 countries attending a un—backed conference in kenya have called for action to stop the flow of plastic into the world's oceans. however, scientists have criticised the lack of concrete proposals to prevent around eight million tonnes of plastic reaching the sea each year. let's have a look at the front pages of this morning's papers: the guardian leads with donald trump's recognition